If you know about DJing, you'll know that it's common practice to use a high pass filter to remove the bass on the buildup, in order to create suspense for the drop. This allows the bass of the drop to feel more powerful.
Generally, there are two types of filters - high pass and low pass.
Using a high pass filter means that you're allowing 'only the high frequencies to pass through' so you are left without any bass. It's useful to apply this filter on a buildup where you would normally remove the bass frequencies ready to bring them back in for the drop.
Whereas a low pass filter muffles the sound. It removes the high frequencies and only allows the low frequencies to pass. This can be useful when you want to bring in or fade out certain elements (such as vocals or melodies). An example might be at the end of your drop, where you want to bring in another elements or pattern ready for the break.
In general, these high and low pass filters are mainly used with automation clips which control the amount of filter you want to apply at certain times within the track. You set the parameters by dragging the automation clip and the filters will automatically be adjusted at the required parts of the track.
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